How Do You Avoid Infectious Diseases?
Top five easy and essential healthcare precautions and tips to ensure you and your loved ones are always protected from infectious diseases.
Infectious diseases are mainly caused by microscopic organisms called “pathogens.” These pathogens primarily consist of bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites that enter the human body, multiply, and interfere with human body functions.
Infectious diseases are one of the leading causes of illness and death worldwide. For people suffering from an underlying condition such as heart disease or cancer, or those who take medications that weaken their immune systems, it’s more difficult to avoid getting sick with infectious diseases.
However, for many people, following some basic healthcare precautions and prevention tips can go a long way in helping them avoid infectious diseases.
Good Hygiene Habits
Prevention is better than cure. So the first line of defense will always be to keep the germs away by adopting good personal hygiene habits.
- Make sure to wash your hands with antibacterial bar soap or liquid handwash for at least 20 seconds. While you must wash your hands after using the bathroom, before preparing or eating food and after completing various household chores, you should also wash your hands thoroughly after sneezing, coughing, or caring for a sick person.
- In addition to hand washing, cleaning hands with antibacterial wipes or hand sanitizer is one of the most effective ways to kill germs and avoid infectious diseases.
- Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue while you cough or sneeze. If a tissue is unavailable, cough or sneeze into your elbow rather than your hands.
- Do not pick at healing wounds, blemishes, or pimples; otherwise, bacteria or foreign pathogens can enter your body and cause infection. Unnecessary touching and pimping can also result in delayed healing time.
- Use separate dishes, glasses, cups, and eating utensils and not share these with other household members. After use, run them through the dishwasher or wash them with hot, soapy water.
Good Food Hygiene Habits
People can catch various infectious diseases by the bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites present on food or food packaging.
Good hygiene is always important when handling or consuming food items to prevent food-borne illnesses.
- Always wash your hands with antibacterial bar soap or liquid handwash for at least 20 seconds before preparing or eating any food.
- Use separate chopping boards for preparing uncooked meat and fish.
- While cooking food, make sure to use the recommended temperature.
- Pay close attention to food product expiration dates and keep them refrigerated or frozen.
- Frequently wash and disinfect cookware, ovenware, bakeware, or serving and eating utensils.
Cleaning and disinfecting high-touch surfaces in your home is a crucial precaution to lower the risk of infections.
Cleaning & Disinfection
Common high-touch surfaces include door handles, tables, chairs, handrails, kitchen and bathroom surfaces, taps, toilets, light switches, mobile phones, computers, tablets, keyboards, remote controls, game controllers, glass surfaces, and toys.
If a surface is dirty, first clean it with either soap or water. Afterward, use an antiseptic liquid that cleanses and helps protect against infectious diseases. You can also use disinfectant spray, which kills 99.9% of bacteria on multiple surfaces.
It is also the best practice not to immediately wipe the antiseptic and antibacterial solutions off as soon as you have applied them to the surface.
Read the product directions to ensure you are using them correctly and avoid damaging sensitive items such as mobile phones and other electronic devices.
It is unclear how long the bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites can survive on fabric, but most clothing items have plastic and metal elements on which they might live for a few hours to several days.
Removing shoes, changing clothes when you return home after returning home from outside, and washing your hands with Dettol soap and water are good practices.
While doing laundry at home, handle it carefully so that the virus doesn’t disperse through the air. Instead, wash the laundry items using soap or detergent, using the warmest water setting, and dry them thoroughly.
If you are using washing machines, adding the iconic antiseptic liquid can ensure all-around protection against germs. Wash or disinfect your laundry bag and hamper as well.